-"Four years in Tibet." Benares / 1906.
- "Pictures of Tibetan life." Benares / 1906.
AINSLIE, Sir Robert
Numismatist, diplomat. Published scenes of Eastern life and works on Eastern and North African coins.
AINSWORTH, William Francis
Physician and geologist.
- "Travels in the track of the Ten Thousand Greeks." 1844.
- "The Crimea: its towns, inhabitants, etc., by a Lady resident near the Alma." London / 1855
ALARCON, Hernando de
Led seaborne party in support of CORONADO (1540). Explored the Gulf of California, investigated by ULLOA the year before and disc. the Colorado River at its head which he ascended for 200 miles but failed to make contact with the land force. Alarcón is almost unique among the Conquistadors in that he treated the Indians he met with intelligence and humanity, as opposed to the insane, murderous and destructive behaviour that was otherwise the norm. "The Indians had an experience they were never to repeat: they were sorry to see these white men leave." (Bernard de Voto: "Westward the Course of Empire" 1953.)
al BEKRI, Abu Obeid Abd-Allah
d. ca. 1094
Andalusian traveller (Syria, Egpyt, N.Africa) and geographer. - Eds. by Quatremere, Dozy, Gayangos.
ALBEMARLE, Sixth Earl of
See: KEPPEL, Gen. G.T.
al-BERUNI (or BIRUNI), Abu Raihan Mohammed ibn Ahmed
Persian traveller, astronomer, geographer and naturalist. Accompanied Mahmud the Ghaznavid on his invasions of India. His description of India is particularly valuable.
- "The chronicles of ancient nations." Tr. and ed. C.E.Shaw. Repr. 1965. Orinetal Translation Fund #74.
ALBUQUERQUE, Afonso de
Founder of the Portugese overseas empire. 1st voyage to the East in the Indies fleet 1503-4. Viceroy 1506. Capture of Goa 1510. 1510-1515 gained control of the Malabar coast, Ceylon, Sunda Is., Malacca, Ormuz. Died at sea on the way home to Portugal.
- W. de Gray Birch (ed.) "Commentaries." 4 vols. 1875-1885 / Hakluyt Society (Series I, nos. 53,55,62,69).
ALCOCK, Alfred William
-"A naturalist in Indian seas: 4 years with the RIMS ship Investogator." London / 1902.